• Top
  • Great Men’s Handbook

Great Men’s Handbook

Yamaguchi City - a strategic base of the Meiji Restoration.
The Great Men's Handbook of patriots who played an active part in this area.

Inoue Kaoru

Inoue Kaoru Picture: Courtesy of the Yamaguchi Museum

1835~1915(Died at the age of 79)
Birth place:Yudaonsen,Yamaguchi-shi
The first minister of Foreign Affairs
Politician・ Industrialist

Profile

Born in Yuda-mura, Yoshiki-gun(Yudaonsen, Yamaguchi-shi). Inoue Kaoru made a voyage to the UK with Yamao Yozo and other patriots in 1863. After the Meiji Restoration, he served in the Meiji Government and held important posts such as Foreign Minister, Acting Prime Minister and Finance Minister successively. He had a huge influence on the economic community as well.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Toshunji Temple ≫ Monument of the Inoue Kaoru disaster ≫ Inoue Koen Park ≫ Yamaguchi-shi Saikotei

Sugi Magoshichiro

Sugi Magoshichiro

1835~1920(Died at the age of 85)
Birth place:Mihori-mura, Yoshiki-gun(Ouchimihori, Yamaguchi-shi)
Parliamentary Secretary for Choshu Domain
Politician・ Skilled writer

Profile

Born in Mihori-mura, Yoshiki-gun(Ouchimihori, Yamaguchi-shi). Sughi Magoshichiro visited European nations for the Embassy to Europe in 1861. After the Meiji Restoration, he mainly served the Imperial Court He was a nice person with humor and loved by people around him. He is also well-known as a skilled writer.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Rozando

Yamao Yozo

Yamao Yozo

1837~1917(Died at the age of 80)
Birth place:Futajima-mura, Yoshiki-gun(Aiofutajima, Yamaguchi-shi)
Vice chairman of Cabinet Legislation Bureau
Scholar・Politician

Profile

Born in Futajima-mura, Yoshiki-gun(Aiofutajima, Yamaguchi-shi). Yamano Yozo made a voyage to the UK with Inoue Kaoru and other patriots in 1863. After the Meiji Restoration, he served the Meiji Government. He proposed to establish Kogakuryo, the present Faculty of Engineering at the University of Tokyo and was dedicated to establishing modern engineering.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Yamao Kaikan Assembly Hall

Omura Masujiro

Omura Masujiro Picture: Courtesy of the National Diet Library

1824~1869(Died at the age of 45)
Birth place:Suzenji-mura, Yoshiki-gun(Suzenji, Yamaguchi-shi)
The first deputy minister
Doctor・Scholar of Western・Military strategist

Profile

Born in Suzenji-mura, Yoshiki-gun(Suzenji, Yamaguchi-shi). In 1846, Omura Masujiro joined Tekijuku, which was established by Ogata Korin in Osaka, and became a headmaster of Tekijuku later. He is well-known as a competent military strategist and played active parts in the Shikyo War and Boshin War as a commander. He was a big fan of tofu and sake.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Fumonji Temple ≫ Omura Shrine ≫ Matsudaya Hotel ≫ Chinryutei

Nomura Motosuke

Nomura Motosuke

1842~1927(Died at the age of 85)
Birth place:Nagano-mura, Yoshiki-gun(Ouchinagano, Yamaguchi-shi)
Feudal retainer of Choshu Domain
Politician・ Skilled writer

Profile

Born in Nagano-mura, Yoshiki-gun(Ouchinagano, Yamaguchi-shi). Nomura Motosuke succeed as head of his house in 1866 and served Mori Takachika as a close adviser. After the Meiji Restoration, he was posted as the prefectural governor of Ibaraki, Councilor of the Senate and other positions successively. He is also well-known as a skilled writer and left many works.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Monument dedicated to the spirits of the Dattai Shoshi

Fukuda Kyohei

Fukuda Kyohei

1829~1868(Died at the age of 39)
Birth place:Ushirogawara, Yamaguchi-cho, Yoshiki-gun(Ushirogawara, Yamaguchi-shi)
Feudal retainer of Choshu Domain
Samurai warrior / Politician

Profile

Born in Ushirogawara, Yamaguchi-cho, Yoshiki-gun(Ushirogawara, Yamaguchi-shi). Fukuda Kyohei joined Kiheitai in 1863, then was promoted to major military staff and adjutant general. He was also highly trusted by younger soldiers. After he died, he was buried at Togyoan but another tomb was raised at Ouchimihori by concerned people.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Tomb of Fukuda Kyohei

Takasugi Shinsaku

Takasugi Shinsaku Picture: Courtesy of the National Diet Library

1839~1867(Died at the age of 27)
Feudal retainer of Choshu Domain
Samurai warrior / Politician

Profile

Takasugi proposed feudal lords establish Kiheitai at Yamaguchi Seijido in 1863. He made a plan to build a house for his family at Itoyone but he died before the plan was carried out. He lived in Waniishi-cho and Era at one time.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Jippotei ≫ Chinryutei

Kido Takayoshi

Kido Takayoshi Picture: Courtesy of the National Diet Library

1833~1877(Died at the age of 43)
Feudal retainer of Choshu Domain
Samurai warrior / Politician

Profile

Kido Takayoshi was one of the three Heroes of the Restoration. He discussed overthrowing the Shogunate with Saigo Takamori and Okubo Toshimichi, who were from the Satsuma Domain, at Chinryutei and Matsudaya in Yudaonsen. His own house and the mountains at Itoyone were donated to village people when he died.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Kido Shrine ≫ Jippotei ≫ Chinryutei ≫ Yamaguchi-shi Saikotei

Sufu Masanosuke

Sufu Masanosuke Picture: Courtesy of the Yamaguchi Museum

1823~1864(Died at the age of 41)
Feudal retainer of Choshu Domain
Samurai warrior / Politician

Profile

Sufu Masanosuke was a good supporter of his juniors such as Inoue Kaoru and Takasugi Shinsaku. He was forced to kill himself at the home of Toshitomi Kanichi in September 1864 due to successive worsening situations such as the Kinmon Incident, Choshu Expedition and Shimonoseki Campaign. His tomb was raised alongside Sekisyu Road according to his will.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Sufu Koen Park ≫ Chinryutei

Yamada Akiyoshi

Yamada Akiyoshi

1844~1892(Died at the age of 47)
The first minister of Justice
Politician

Profile

Yamada Akiyoshi was inaugurated the first Minister of Justice when the cabinet system started in 1885. He was also dedicated to education by establishing the predecessors of Nihon University and Kokugakuin University. His former residence was located at Itoyone and Chuo. His wife, Tatsuko, was a daughter of the Japanese inn Kawaraya at Yudaonsen.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Site of Yamada Akiyoshi's old home

Inoue Masaru

Inoue Masaru Picture: Courtesy of the National Diet Library

1843~1910(Died at the age of 66)
Director of Railways
Politician

Profile

Inoue Masaru made a voyage to the UK with Inoue Kaoru and other patriots in 1863. He studied mining and the railway business. In 1868, he served the Meiji Government and became Director of Railways to lead railroad constructions in many places. It is said that his former residence was located at Osaba.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Yamao Kaikan Assembly Hall

Ito Hirobumi

伊藤 博文 Picture: Courtesy of the Yamaguchi Museum

1841~1909(Died at the age of 68)
The first Prime Minister
Politician

Profile

Ito Hirobumi made a voyage to the UK with Inoue Kaoru and other patriots in 1863. He lodged at Jippotei at Odonooji in 1864 when he came back to Japan. In 1885, he was inaugurated the first Prime Minister of Japan when the cabinet system started and was dedicated to national politics.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Jippotei ≫ Chinryutei

Kusaka Genzui

Kusaka Genzui

1840~1864(Died at the age of 24)
Feudal retainer of Choshu Domain
Politician

Profile

Kusaka Genzui was called the two greatest disciples along with Takasugi Shinsaku at Shoka Sonjuku and admired as the best in this region from Yoshida Shoin. He was defeated at the Kinmon Incident and killed himself at the Takatsukasa residence in July 1864. His commonly used teacup was stored with the Bandai family which had Jippotei as a house separated from the main building.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Jippotei ≫ Former Otani Residence

Hori Shingoro

Hori Shingoro

1838~1913(Died at the age of 75)
Commanding General of Yahatatai/Judge of the Supreme Court
Politician・Judge

Profile

Hori Shingoro returned to the Choshu Domain from Kyoto with Takasugi Shinsaku in April 1863. After that, he set up Yahatatai at Yahatababa in response to Takasugi setting up Kiheitai and became a Commanding General of the unit. After the Meiji Restoration, he served the Court and was promoted to a judge on the Supreme Court in 1890.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Ima Hachimangu Shrine

Mori Takachika

毛利 敬亲 Picture: Courtesy of the Yamaguchi Museum

1819~1871(Died at the age of 52)
25th head of Mori family
Feudal lord

Profile

13th feudal load of the Choshu Domain (25th head of Mori family in Aki region). Mori Takachika is well-known as a person who created the opportunity to accomplish the Meiji Restoration through raising and activating competent vassals in the chaotic period of the late Tokugawa shogunate, and also raising the distressed Choshu Domain's influential feudal clan by patronizing young talents.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ Rozando ≫ Mori family grave ≫ The Old Yamaguchi Feudal Administration Office Gate ≫ Jippotei ≫ Noda Shrine

Shinagawa Yajiro

Shinagawa Yajiro Picture: Courtesy of the National Diet Library

1843~1900(Died at the age of 56)
Home Secretary
Politician

Profile

Shinagawa Yajiro was born as the eldest son of Matsu who was the eldest daughter of Shinagawa Yaichiuemon and Ikeda Rokuzaemon, a lower ranking foot soldier in the service of the Choshu Domain. In 1870, he visited Europe to make an inspection of the Franco-Prussian War and studied in Germany and the UK. He was posted to Great Secretary, Junior Assistant Minister of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce, Resident Envoy to Germany, Chief of Imperial Property Office of the Imperial Household Ministry, and Privy Councilor successively.

Places connected to the patriots

≫ The site of Nishikinomihata plant